Cycling competitions were very popular between 1880-1900 all around Europe and United States of America and was firstly included in 1896, Olympic Games. It has kept its popularity especially among the Europeans during the 20th century as a professional sport. Bike factories in France, Belgium, England, Italy and Spain played an important role in the promotion of Cycling in these Countries. Cycling sport has gained huge momentum thanks to the chain and gear system designed by J.K. Starley in 1885, and nowadays faster, smarter and lighter modern shaped bikes are designed by using the current technology. While Male amateur Cycling races have been included in Olympic Games programme since 1896, female Cycling races were first included in Olympic Games in 1984. This sport maintained its position as a professional sport among citizens in Europe within 20 years. Turkish Cycling Federation was established in 1923. Since then, it has organized cycling tours aimed at travelling the different regions. For the first time, Turkey participated in international competitions in cycling in Bulgaria in 1927.

TERMINOLOGY:

  • Breakaway: A rider or group of riders that have left the main group behind.
  • Lead-out: A racing tactic whereby one rider races at high speed to give a head start to the rider on his /her wheel.
  • Peloton: The main group of riders; also called the pack, bunch or field.
  • Handle: A soft and synthetic covering material that cover the handlebar of a bicycle or a motorcycle.
  • Handlebar: A handlebar is the part of a bicycle which is used to steering it.
  • Fork: A moveable part of a bicycle to which the front wheel is connected.
  • Roller Bearing: A rolling-element bearing, also known as a rolling bearing, is a bearing which carries a load by placing round hard balls into the grooves of two concentric rings. The relative motion of the pieces causes the round elements to roll with very little rolling resistance and with little sliding.

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