Judo made its very first appearance at the Olympic Games in 1964 in Tokyo. As for women’s judo, it was added to the Olympic Games in 1992 in Barcelona. Judo is a sport based on self-defence by using balance and strength elements without hitting the opponent. The word Judo was derived from kanji words “ju” (be polite or give way) and “do” (the way of life). Their counterparts are accepted as “way to kinds”, “way to yielding”, “way to flexibility”, “way to harmony” and “way to bending”. Judo made its first appearance as a medal sport at the Olympic Games at Tokyo in 1964. A women's competition was eventually added to the Olympic program at Barcelona in 1992. Judo became popular in Turkey in 1960. Turkish Judo Federation was founded in 1966. Judo contests last five minutes, with scores awarded for different throws and holds. However, a contest ends immediately if a competitor is awarded 'ippon'-the maximum score. If the scores are tied after five minutes, the contest enters a golden score period, when the first score of any sort wins. If a judoka can throw his opponent to the floor or hold opponent motionless for 25 seconds, judoka takes one point and win the fight.

TERMINOLOGY:

  • Judoka: One or more practitioners of judo.
  • Judogi: Competitor's judo uniform. It is different to other Far Eastern martial arts’ clothes
  • Tatami: Judo mat.
  • Obi: Judo belt.
  • Randori: Judo competition.
  • Uchi-komi: Repetition training.
  • Kuzushi: The balance broken.
  • Kararigeiko: Continuous attack practice.
  • Keikoku: A grave penalty.
  • Shiaijo: Competition zone
  • Tachirei: Standing bow
  • Zarei: Sitting bow