Shooting is a sport aiming at the firing of a bullet via a gun at a target. The shooters use various weapons such as airgun and firearm and these can be fixed or movable. The Shooting was run as a sport in German Clubs and European Countries for centuries. It took place in all Olympic Games apart from 1904 St. Louis and 1928 Amsterdam Olympics. The popularity of the sport grew in English-speaking countries with the formation of the National Rifle Association in 1959, which originally met in Wimbledon, London, and the National Rifle Association (USA) in 1871. The Shooting and Hunting Federation operated under the name of “Turkish Idman Cemiyetleri” included all sports federation in 1923, and then it was separated as a Shooting and Hunting Federation in Turkey in 1937.
- Pistol: One of the three firearms used in Olympic shooting and it is held with one hand.
- Shoot-off: A tiebreaker.
- Three Positions: A Rifle event in which competitors shoot in a standing, kneeling and prone positions.
- Bipod: A 2 legged holder used for rifles and pistols.
- Pellet: A bullet that is used in airguns.
- Pistol Grip: the portion of the mechanism of the pistols and rifles which are held by the hand.
- Barrel: The tube of a firearm made of metal or steel, which allows the bullets and pellets to pass through and exit.
- Chokebore: A bore in a shotgun that narrows toward the muzzle to give the bullet a rotating motion and render its flight more accurately.
- Rifle: A shoulder firearm with a barrel which is held with both hands, that allows 1 bullet to be shot at a time.
- Sight: A device used to assist alignment or aim of the weapons.