Swimming competitions are held in swimming pools that have the international standards (50m with 8 lanes). Each swimmer competes in his/her own lane in freestyle, backstroke, butterfly, breaststroke or individual medley or four (4) swimmers compete as a team in medley of 50m, 100m, 200m, 400m, 800m and 1500m. Swimming is a kind of sport depending on the basic activities required by human beings in order to harmonise with nature since the early ages. Human beings, firstly observing the movements of animals and imitating their arm and leg movement instinctively, discovered how to swim in a very short time. However, this activity firstly became an organized race in 19th century and England was the first pioneering country in continental Europe. First International Swimming Competitions were organised in London, 1837 and then organized in Australia, 1846. Turkish Swimming Federation was founded under the presidency of Riza Salih Saray in 1957.

TERMINOLOGY:

  • Course: It is one of the lane reserved for each swimmer at the pool for competitions or trainings.
  • False starts: Disqualifies a swimmer when he/she “starts” before the starting signal is given.
  • Medley: A competition during which all four type of swimming strokes are performed backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly and Freestyle, are performed in order.
  • Open turn: A type of turn for which swimmers must touch the end of the pool with their hands.
  • Negative split: When an athlete swims the second half of a race faster than the first half.
  • Tumble turn: An underwater roll at the end of a lap, which allows swimmers to push off from the end of the pool with their feet.
  • Long course: A 50 m pool of the type used in Olympic competition.
  • Short course: A 25 m pool of the type used in Olympic competition.

PICTURE GALLERY